Evita Peron Cause Of Death: Biography, Obituary, Age
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Evita Peron Cause Of Death: Biography, Obituary, Age

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Evita Peron, STECHITEGIST

Eva Perón, in full Eva Duarte de Perón, née Mara Eva Duarte, byname Evita, (born May 7, 1919 in Los Toldos, Argentina; died July 26, 1952 in Buenos Aires), second wife of Argentine President Juan Perón, who, during her husband’s first term as president (1946–52), became a powerful, if unofficial, political leader, revered by the lower economic classes.

Duarte was born in the small Argentine Pampas hamlet of Los Toldos. Juan Duarte and Juana Ibarguren were not married, and her father had a second family and a wife. The financial struggles of Eva’s family were exacerbated by Juan’s death when she was six years old. After a few years, they relocated to Junn, Argentina. Eva moved to Buenos Aires at the age of 15 to pursue an acting career, and finally began doing radio roles regularly.

Eva drew the attention of a rising figure in the new government, Colonel Juan Perón, and the couple wed in 1945. Later that year, he was deposed by rival army and navy commanders in a coup and briefly detained. After his release, Juan entered the run for president. Eva was involved in the campaign, and she garnered the admiration of the masses, whom she referred to as los descamisados (Spanish: “the shirtless ones”). In June 1946, he was chosen and sworn in as president.

Eva acted as de facto minister of health and labor, providing significant wage increases to unions in exchange for their political support of Perón, despite having never held a government position. She replaced the conventional Sociedad de Beneficencia (Spanish for “Aid Society”) with her own Eva Perón Foundation, which was supported by “voluntary” union and company contributions as well as a significant portion of the national lottery and other money.

These funds were utilized to establish tens of thousands of hospitals, schools, orphanages, retirement homes, and other philanthropic organizations. Eva was substantially important for the passing of the law granting women the right to vote, and in 1949 she founded the Peronista Feminist Party. She also made religion education mandatory in all Argentine schools. In 1951, despite being terminally ill with cancer, she was nominated for vice president, but the army compelled her to abandon her campaign.

After her passing in 1952, Eva remained a formidable political force in Argentina. In an effort to exorcise her as a national emblem of Peronism, her adversaries took her embalmed body in 1955, after Juan Perón was deposed, and hid it in Italy for 16 years. In 1971, in response to Peronist demands, the military authorities transferred her remains to her exiled widower in Madrid. Isabel Perón, wishing to garner favor with the population after Juan Perón’s death in power in 1974, repatriated the remains and placed them in the presidential palace’s mausoleum next to the slain leader.

A new military junta hostile to Peronism removed the bodies two years later. Eva’s ashes were ultimately placed in the family crypt of the Duarte family in Recoleta Cemetery in Buenos Aires.

Eva has been the subject of various novels and other works in Argentina and abroad. Notably, her life was the inspiration for the 1978 Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice musical Evita, which was later transformed into a 1996 film starring Madonna.

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Evita Peron, STECHITEGIST

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