Geography Questions and Answers (Objective and Theory) 2022 is now released for July/August 2022.
NECO Geography Questions are provided to aid you perform brilliantly in your examination.
The National Examinations Council is an examination board established by law to determine the examinations required in the public interest in the English-speaking in Nigeria, to conduct the examinations, and award certificates comparable to those of equivalent examining authorities internationally.
NECO Geography Questions and Answers (Objective)
NECO Geography Questions and Answers (Theory)
Conurbation is the name given to two or more town/cities which have grown to merge with one another.
(CHOOSE ANY BEST 3)
(i) Increase in social vices or crime: Social vices like armed robbery, hired assassins, car snatching e.t.c. will be on the increase, partly due to unemployment and other factors.
(ii) High Cost of living: High population concentration leads to high cost of living as only few facilities and goods are available to the people and these tends to increase the cost of living.
(iii) Traffic Congestion: Many people travel on the roads at the same time, hence there is traffic congestion most of the time.
(iv) Environmental Pollution: More wastes are produced due to high concentration of people and these tends to cause pollution in the environment.
(v) Unemployment: Areas of high population usually do not have enough jobs for the ever increasing influx of the people in such area. This leads to unemployment or under-employment.
(CHOOSE ANY BEST 3)
(i) Creation of more jobs by establishing industries.
(ii) Provision of more houses, good social amenities at affordable rates.
(iii) Improved transport network or diversified means of transportation.
(iv) Improved waste disposal and development control measures.
(v) Provision of Employment Opportunities
i. By not cutting trees and clearing forests for human’s excessive needs.
ii. By not hunting animals for sports and their skin to trade.
iii. By not polluting soil, water and air and keeping a check on them.
1. Hunger and Famine.
Manufacturing Industry simply refers to the changing or transformation of raw materials into finished products in the factory.
Manufacturing Industry is defined as the industries which can convert raw materials combined with other materials to produce finished goods, using special machines and equipment. Examples are Food Processing, Iron & Steel e.t.c.
(i) Majority of the industries are small scale in nature.
(ii) They can only be located in urban centers.
(iii) They are dependant on imported raw materials from other countries.
(CHOOSE ANY BEST 3)
(i) Heavy Industries are usually large scale in nature *WHILE* Light industries are relatively small in plants and products.
(ii) The products of heavy industries are usually heavy e.g. ships, aeroplanes, iron and steel *WHILE* Products of Light industries are light e.g. Cigarettes, bread, razor and office pins.
(iii) Usually the turn-over of heavy industry is heavy, *WHILE* It is small in light Industries.
(iv) Heavy industries employ the services of more males while light industries may employ the services of more females than males.
(CHOOSE ANY BEST 4)
(i) Provision Of Irrigation for Agriculture: Dam helps to promote irrigation agriculture through the water trapped in the dams e.g. Aswan Dam.
(ii) Generation of Electricity: Dams helps to generate electricity (H.E.P.) for domestic and industrial uses e.g. Kainji Dam.
(iii) Generation of Revenue: Dams generates revenue for government, e.g. the extension of electricity to neighbouring countries as a source of foreign exchange.
(iv) Provision of Food For Man: Dams provides food for man, e.g. prawns and crayfish which grow in dams. e.g. Kainji Dam.
(v) Provision Of Employment Opportunities: It provides employment opportunities for many people e.g. Farmers, Engineers e.t.c.
(CHOOSE ANY BEST 2 THAT MATCHES THE SOLUTIONS)
(i) There is low level of technology.
(ii) Seasonal fluctuation in the volume of the rivers.
(iii) Inadequate capital to construction and maintain dam e.g. H.E.P (Hydro Electric Power).
(iv) Inadequate skilled manpower to manage dam e.g. H.E.P (Hydro Electric Power).
(i) High Level of Technology should be involved and considered before introducing a dam.
(ii) Enough of High Purchasing Power or Capital should be considered before introducing a dam.
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