When you find yourself in a situation where people are being shot and struggling to fight for life, there are ways you can save the victim from dying before the arrival of emergency services or rushing to the nearest hospital
According to research from experts, stechitegist.com has gathered the first aid treatment that can be given to gunshot victims who may be struggling to survive or overcome the pain of the gunshot wound.
What you need to do to save the life of a victim:
- Ensure you’re Safe:
It is very important to note that before you start giving any treatment, ensure you’re at a safe place, if not gently move the victim to a safe spot where you can carefully apply first aid treatments.
I repeat, your safety matters first, so that you don’t also get shot too. Secure a nearby safe place and then be sure law enforcement and first responders have been alerted on time.
You can get someone to call the emergency services while you deal with the casualties. Report that the its a gunshot wound and the shooter is not any where close.
You may not move the casualty unless you know you’re not in the right space to treat him/her, hence if you don’t move carefully, you can aggravate a spinal injury or worsen the situation thereby causing excessive bleeding at the spot as the case may be.
- Treat the wound:
In dirty incidents like this, bystanders might be interested to watch those minor injuries to make sure they don’t get worse and help keep them calm. You can reach out to bystanders as some of them might be biggest assets at that point, and may be willing to render help.
Try to keep your movements swift without making the victim feel more upset or scared. Stop the bleeding by applying direct pressure to control the bleeding and if there is a way you can remove the bullets in the body, you can do that, but must be very cautious.
Use what you have at hand, cloth, bandage or gauze and press directly against the wound using the palm of your hand. (you may use gloves if you have them).
While you continue to add more pressure and you noticed the cloth is already soaked with blood, get a fresh one and repeat the process.
In the case of a large hole on the skin, it needs to be packed with dressings or clothing to stem internal bleeding.
When a person gets shot, there might be several injuries to consider though may only have been shot once. The bullets may have ricocheted in the body and caused further injury to bones and soft tissue.
Apply tourniquet rapidly – wrap, wind, secure and time. Use a belt or whatever you can use to tie around the wound very tight. Treat shots in junctional areas—places you can’t get a tourniquet on, but it’s possible to compress, like the groin, armpit, and near the neck—with pressure.
Focused pressure is the most effective, a finger tip where the bleeding is coming from is far better than a huge gob of bandages that slowly soak with large quantities of blood.
In the case where the bullet may have penetrated all the way through the casualty, ensure you prevent excessive loss of blood of the victim.
- Cover the Victim:
Gunshot wounds usually leads to shock. And this shock isn’t emotional shock but a life-threatening condition, as a result of loss of blood in the body system.
When there’s severe bleeding and it isn’t controlled quickly, it can lead to shock and the victim may lose consciousness. Ensure that you cover the person so that he/she doesn’t feel cold.
Losen any tightened cloth and use whatever you have there to wrap the victim to prevent cold. If possible, elevate the legs that’s if you think they may have a spinal injury or a wound in the torso then refrain from doing this.
- Keep Conversing With The Them:
Ensure your reassure them and tell them they are OK and help is coming soon. Tell them what you’re doing to aid the wound and this will will build a confidence in them. Try to keep them Talking to you. You may ask questions about any medication they may be taking currently or any drug allergies, just to ensure that they keep responding.
All this info can be passed to the emergency units when they arrive and also a way of distracting them from their current situation. Make sure you keep the victim warm and reassure them they are going to be fine.
Peradventure you notice the blood has started to congeal around the bullet, do not remove any of the cloths or bandages as they will be acting as a stopper to prevent excessive bleeding.
If the victim stops breathing, start cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) – an emergency procedure that combines chest compressions often with artificial ventilation in an effort to manually preserve intact brain function until further measures are taken to restore spontaneous blood circulation and breathing in a person who is in cardiac arrest.